Brand experience is conceptualized as sensations, feelings, cognitions, and behavioral responses evoked by
brand-related stimuli that are part of a brand’s design and identity, packaging, communications, and environments.
The authors distinguish several experience dimensions and construct a brand experience scale that includes four
dimensions: sensory, affective, intellectual, and behavioral. In six studies, the authors show that the scale is reliable,
valid, and distinct from other brand measures, including brand evaluations, brand involvement, brand attachment,
customer delight, and brand personality. Moreover, brand experience affects consumer satisfaction and loyalty
directly and indirectly through brand personality associations